Dr. Stephanie Hobbs | 2569 North Rocky River Rd | Lancaster, SC |  (803) 517-8785

Equine Medical and Acupuncture C​enter
The Perfect Balance of Western and Eastern Medicine

Preventative Medicine


VACCINATIONS 
Appropriate vaccinations play an integral role in your horse’s overall wellness and preventative care.  However, with the increasing number of vaccinations available, it can be overwhelming for the horse owner to determine what is needed.  The vaccinations your horse needs differ based on his age, physical health, environment and travel schedule.  We can customize your horse’s vaccination schedule to give him the maximum benefit with the minimum of injections.

Tetanus:  The tetanus bacterium (Clostridium tetani) is found everywhere worldwide and can cause a life-threatening disease “lockjaw”.  Horses are especially sensitive to this disease.  The tetanus bacterium enters the horse through dirt and contaminated wounds.  It is recommended that every horse be vaccinated annually for tetanus.

Eastern and Western Encephalomyelitis (EEE/WEE):  These viruses affect the neurological system of your horse.  They are transmitted by mosquitoes from infected birds to your horse.  Symptoms of these viruses include:  coma, head-pressing, fever, depression, lack of coordination and death.  Unfortunately, treatment is limited and the mortality rate is high.  We generally give this vaccine in combination with tetanus.

West Nile Virus:  West Nile is also transmitted by mosquitoes from infected birds to your horse.  Symptoms of this disease are neurological and similar to EEE/WEE.  West Nile continues to be identified and diagnosed in the South Eastern United States and we are strongly recommending that every horse maintain current immunization for this disease.

Influenza (Flu):  Equine influenza (or the “flu”) is endemic in our horse population and is easily spread from horse to horse.  Common clinical signs include: nasal discharge, fever, coughing, depression and anorexia. 

Strangles:  This disease is caused by the bacterium Streptococcus equi, affects the respiratory system and is highly contagious.  The current intra-nasal Strangles vaccine is safer and more efficacious than the previous intramuscular vaccine.

Equine Herpes:  The equine herpes virus is responsible for multiple diseases in horses.  It is transmitted through respiratory secretions or contact with infected aborted fetuses.  Herpes can manifest as neurological disease and can also cause abortion in pregnant mares.  The herpes virus is endemic in the horse population and current vaccines do not provide complete nor lengthy protection.

Rabies:  Rabies in horses is rare but any mammal has the potential of contracting rabies.  We currently recommend rabies vaccination in any horse that has potential exposure to foxes, skunks, bats, raccoon, or other wildlife that could endanger your horse.

Coggins: Annual testing and documentation for Equine Infectious Anemia are required for interstate travel and competition.


PHYSICAL EXAMS:
Physical exams performed by your veterinarian are an important part of your horse’s overall wellness. Every exam is focused on the area of particular concern while still taking into account all systems of your horse. Dr. Hobbs can facilitate additional tests that may be required for a more thorough exam of your horse including:
Blood Tests
Radiographs (X-rays)
Meridian Scans (traditional Chinese Veterinary Medicine)
Infrared Thermography

PRE-PURCHASE EXAM; Pre-purchase examination is an important investment into your potential new horse. The pre-purchase exam can help you decide if this is the right horse for you and your family, saving you time and money in the future. Here at Equine Medical and Acupuncture we do not “pass” or “fail” any horse. Everything we find during the exam is disclosed to the potential buyer. The findings in this exam simply give you the ability to make an educated decision when deciding to purchase a horse.

The Basic Pre-Purchase Exam includes:
​Overall health: a systemic evaluation of every body system including cardiovascular, respiratory, GI, ophthalmic, skin, temperature and basic dental.
Musculoskeletal exam: every joint, tendon and ligament is palpated for abnormalities.
Hoof exam: hoof-testers are applied to all four feet and the horse is observed at the walk and trot, on a straight line and in a circle.

​Additional tests may include radiographs (x-rays) of the hooves, fetlocks, carpi (knees), hocks and/or stifles; blood tests, Meridian scan (traditional Chinese medicine) and observation under saddle. Dr. Stephanie Hobbs is happy to accommodate any additional tests that you would like performed on your potential new horse. These tests are all confidential and the results are the property of the potential buyer. For more information on these services, please contact Dr. Stephanie Hobbs at 803-517-8785..